A controller that automatically switches the polarity of DC-type turntables, to prevent short-circuits when rotating the turntable along DC-powered tracks. Every track that connects the turntable to the main tracks must include a short, isolated ‘sensing track’ between the normal tracks and the turntable. When the turntable rotates and makes contact with any of the tracks, it powers the sensing element. If the polarity does not match that of the main tracks, the turntable polarity controller will invert it.
This controller is designed to work with a Fleischmann 6152 turntable, using the connecting elements 6153 as sensing elements. The sensing elements must be isolated from the main tracks.
The polarity controller assumes that every sensing element has two tracks. Both are connected with a high-impedance resistor to the main track they respectively connect to. e.g.
---<MAIN L>---[ISOLATOR]---<SENS L>---[CONTACT]---<TURNTABLE L>--- | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | ---<MAIN R>---[ISOLATOR]---<SENS R>---[CONTACT]---<TURNTABLE R>--- ___ MAIN TRACK R/L -------| \ | | \ High R | XOR |-----Polarity switch signal | | / SENSING TRACK R/L--------|___/
The inputs that can trigger a polarity change are connected through OR ports, hence every input can trigger a polarity change.
The trigger is used to drive a binary counter that counts down from 3..0 on the clock signal, which in turn generates signals for the full bridge driver, which is controlled by OUT2 and OUT3.
To avoid shoot-through while switching in the FETs that connect tracks to either polarity, the outputs are only enabled on counts 1 and 3,
using counts 0 and 2 to turn all FETS off. The counter generates a trigger when at value 0 and 2, so as to always end up in count 1 or 3.
For miscellaneous purposes, the counter signal is provided on [OUT0] and [OUT1].
The counter trigger signal is provided on output OUT6, which can be connected through an RC delay on D0 to trigger an error when the trigger is active for an unusually long period of time. This may happen in case of short circuits at the tracks or other electrical issues. All driver outputs are disabled while an error is active.
The reset signal removes errors and disables the counter and bridge driver outputs.
An inverter network can be used to generate a clock by the IC. To this end, connect D6 and D7 through an RC network. The delay will tune the clock frequency.
Always reset the controller before using it. After a reset, provide a HIGH polarity switch trigger signal on IN0..IN7 or D1..D4 and provide a clock signal on CLK. The counter output must count down between 3..0 on the clock frequency while the trigger signal is HIGH. Also, OUT4 and OUT6 must be HIGH while the trigger is provided.
Remove the trigger signal. OUT4 must immediately output a LOW.
The counter must now stop at either 1 or 3 but never at 0 or 2. OUT6 will remain HIGH while counting, but must be LOW when the counter has stopped.
If a particular track polarity is A and its inverse is B, the following conditions must be met:
COUNT = 3, polarity A is active. OUT2 = HIGH, OUT3 = LOW COUNT = 2, tracks are disabled. OUT2 = LOW, OUT3 = LOW COUNT = 1, polarity B is active. OUT2 = LOW, OUT3 = HIGH COUNT = 0, tracks are disabled. OUT2 = LOW, OUT3 = LOW
Outputs OUT0..OUT3 must be LOW when a LOW->HIGH pulse is provided on D0, triggering an error which is indicated by a HIGH on OUT7.
Apply a reset signal to enable the outputs again, and ensure OUT7 is LOW.
Connect D6 and D7 through an RC network. Verify a self-oscillation is observed at output D7
|0||IN0: trigger signal to change polarity||OUT0: counter signal||D0: error input. Use to activate an error and disable outputs.|
|1||IN1: trigger signal to change polarity||OUT1: counter signal||D1: trigger signal to change polarity|
|2||IN2: trigger signal to change polarity||OUT2: full bridge control signal for polarity A||D2: trigger signal to change polarity|
|3||IN3: trigger signal to change polarity||OUT3: full bridge control signal for polarity B||D3: trigger signal to change polarity|
|4||IN4: trigger signal to change polarity||OUT4: indicates a polarity switch trigger is active on one of the inputs||D4: trigger signal to change polarity|
|5||IN5: trigger signal to change polarity||OUT5: VCC||D5: not used|
|6||IN6: trigger signal to change polarity||OUT6: counter enabled signal||D6: oscillator input|
|7||IN7: trigger signal to change polarity||OUT7: active error signal||D7: oscillator output|