Analog pins

Analog pins

The analog pins are labeled ua[0] through ua[7] (ua stands for “user analog”). The number of pins that will actually be connected to pads depends on the number of analog pins that you defined in the pinout section in info.yaml (and paid for).

For example, if you purchased two analog pins, only ua[0] and ua[1] will be connected to the pads. The remaining pins will not be connected.

Specifications and limitations

The path between the analog pads and the your project (the ua pins) is expected to have the following properties:

  • Resistance: < 500 ohm
  • Capacitance: < 5 pf

Analog pins are limited to 1.8V. If you require 3.3V for your design, please contact us to discuss options.

You are not allowed to use the metal 5 layer in your design, as it’s used by Tiny Tapeout’s power grid.

Pin locations

The pin locations must match one of the Tiny Tapeout templates. The templates are available in DEF format, which is compatible with the Magic VLSI layout tool.

There are several templates available, each for a different number of tiles. The templates include all the eight analog pins, but only the pins that you paid for will be connected to the pads. In addition, the templates also include all the standard digital pins.

Most analog designs should fit into the smallest template, tt_block_1x2_pg_ana.def.

Important: Do not leave any floating digital output pins in your design. Connect any unused uo_out, uio_out and uio_en pins to GND.

Power ports

The power ports need to be named VPWR and VGND and need to be placed on metal 4. They both need to have the same width, between 1.2 and 2.0 um. Their height should be at least 95% of the design’s total height.

The actual metal area can be larger, but the port area must fit these dimensions.

Pricing

Projects with analog pins must be two tiles high. This means that the minimum price for the area of the project is $100 (each tile is $50).

In addition, there is a per-pin cost. The price for analog pins is $40 per pin for the first four pins (in a project), and $100 per pin for additional pins.

Example: a design that takes 1x2 tiles and uses 4 analog pins would cost $260 ($100 for the tiles, and $160 for the analog pins). This price is only for including the design in the shuttle, and does not include the cost of the ASIC, PCB, or shipping.


Instructions for creating and submitting an analog design

Note: Analog designs are currently in beta. There’s a small chance that the changes will change before the deadline for Tiny Tapeout 6, or that we will have to postpone the analog design support to a future shuttle. If you have any questions, please join the Tiny Tapeout Discord and ask in the #analog channel.

These instructions assume you are using the Magic VLSI tool, but you can do the same with Klayout or proprietary tools.

Make sure the version of Magic matches the PDK.

Create the repository

Start your design from the tt06-analog-template repository. Click on the green “Use this template” on top of the page, and select “Create a new repository”.

Decide on the size of your design

Tiny Tapeout provides templates for custom GDS submissions. These templates include all the required pins on the metal 4 layer. Do not change the pin sizes or positions. Download one of the analog templates as a starting point for your design.

The analog pins are labeled ua[0] through ua[7] (ua stands for “user analog”). The number of pins that will actually be connected to pads depends on the number of analog pins that you defined in the “pinout” section of info.yaml and purchased.

For example, if you purchased two analog pins, only ua[0] and ua[1] will be connected to the pads. The remaining pins will not be connected.

Edit the info.yaml file

It’s important that you are consistent with your naming. The name of the project must match the final GDS and LEF files.

Decide on a name for your module (top cell). The top level module name must start with ’tt_um_’, and it must be unique on the shuttle, so we suggest including your github username, e.g. tt_um_username_amazing_adc.

  • Edit the info.yaml and set your top_module property.
  • Update the “tiles” entry in info.yaml to match your selected template size.
  • The title, author and description are all required.
  • List all the analog pins you need in the “pinout” section. The template defines two analog pins by default (“ua[0]” and “ua[1]”), so if, for instance, your project uses four analog pins, you need to add “ua[2]” and “ua[3]” to the “pinout” section.

Edit the Verilog stub

This file is used to ‘blackbox’ your design when we integrate it into the Tiny Tapeout shuttle.

Edit src/project.v and replace tt_um_example with the actual name of your top module.

Documentation

Edit docs/info.md and add a description of your project.

Draw the rest of the Owl

Use your preferred analog flow to design, simulate, layout, extract, LVS and post layout simulate.

A quick way to get started is to use this tcl script to draw and label the power ports.

  • Download the script
  • Edit it to change the cellname and GDS and LEF export paths
  • Start Magic and in the tcl command window, write source tt-analog-draw.tcl

Resources

Export the GDS and LEF files

Save the resulting GDS file in the gds folder, and the LEF file in the lef folder. The file names must match your top_module property (e.g. gds/tt_um_example.gds).

If you use magic to create your design, make sure to export the LEF file with the “-pinonly” option, e.g.:

lef write ../lef/tt_um_project_name.lef -pinonly

Export the GDS by running:

gds write ../gds/tt_um_project_name.gds

Submit your design

Go to app.tinytapeout.com to submit your design.